Uk News Where Taiwan is, how big it is and its relationship with China explained United Kingdom news
PremierLeague-News.Com - US House Speaker Nancy Pelosi's visit has shone a spotlight on the island - here is everything you need to know...
PremierLeague-News.Com - Breaking Sport Transfer News ! Tensions are rising between the US and China after Nancy Pelosi visited Taiwan on Tuesday.The US House Speaker became the highest-ranking American official in 25 years to visit the self-ruled island.The Chinese government claims Taiwan as part of its territory, and it views visits by foreign officials as a recognition of the island’s sovereignty.China swiftly announced military manoeuvres in response to Ms Pelosi’s visit to the island’s capital, Taipei.Here’s what you need to know about Taiwan, its relations with China, and the impact of Ms Pelosi’s visit.Where is Taiwan?Taiwan is in the north-western Pacific Ocean, roughly 1,300 miles south-east of China.The main island of Taiwan, formerly known as Formosa, is part of a group of 168 islands which are officially part of the Republic of China (ROC).The main island has an area of 13,826 square miles, making it roughly the size of the Netherlands. Its capital is Taipei, in the north.Map of Taiwan (Photo: Creative Commons)Two thirds of the island are dominated by mountains, while the western third is where the urban centres are built up.Taiwan has a population of about 23.1 million, making it one of the most densely populated countries in the world.The vast majority of the population is ethnic Taiwanese, with roughly 2 per cent aboriginal people. Around 15 per cent of the population is from mainland China.The country uses multiple languages, with Taiwanese Mandarin, Taiwanese Hokkien and Hakka the most widely-spoken.More from WorldChina's military drills to 'threaten Taiwan's territory', defence ministry says03 August, 2022Ukrainians in occupied Luhansk forced to burn books and adopt Russian curriculum, governor says03 August, 2022i morning briefing: What is Nancy Pelosi doing in Taiwan? 03 August, 2022What is Taiwan’s relationship with China?Taiwan’s political status and relationship to China is contentious.Taiwan (the Republic of China, ROC), and China (the People’s Republic of China, PRC). split in 1949 after the Communists won a civil war on the mainland.The PRC claims Taiwan is part of its territory and that it is the sole legal government. The ROC, however, rules itself and has its own currency, widely accepted passport, armed forces and constitution with a democratically elected president and parliament.In 1971 the UN voted to no longer recognise the ROC, and instead recognise the PRC.Taiwan only maintains official diplomatic relations with 13 out of 193 UN member states but many other nations maintain unofficial diplomatic ties with the Taiwanese government, and have supported its democratic self-rule.
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.The UK’s relations with Taiwan are conducted unofficially through the British Office Taipei and the British Council in Taipei.China cut off all contact with Taiwan’s government in 2016 after Taiwanese President Tsai Ing-wen refused to endorse Beijing’s claim that the island and mainland together make up a single Chinese nation.Why did Nancy Pelosi visit Taiwan?Ms Pelosi has made a mission over decades of showing support for embattled democracy movements. Those include a trip in 1991 to Tiananmen Square, where she and other lawmakers unrolled a small banner supporting democracy, as frowning Chinese security officers tried remove them. US House Speaker Nancy Pelosi speaking during her visit to Taiwan (Photo: Getty)Chinese forces had crushed a democracy movement at the same spot two years earlier.Ms Pelosi is framing her Taiwan trip as part of a broader mission at a time when “the world faces a choice between autocracy and democracy”. She led a congressional delegation to the Ukraine’s capital Kyiv in spring.“We must stand by Taiwan,” she said in an opinion piece published by The Washington Post upon her arrival in Taiwan. She cited the commitment the US made to a democratic Taiwan under a 1979 law.“It is essential that America and our allies make clear that we never give in to autocrats,” she wrote.How has China responded?Soon after Ms Pelosi’s arrival, China announced a series of military operations and drills, which followed its promises of “resolute and strong measures” if she went through with her visit.China’s People’s Liberation Army said the manoeuvres would take place in the waters and skies near Taiwan and include the firing of long-range ammunition in the Taiwan Strait.China’s official Xinhua News said the army planned to conduct live-fire drills from Thursday to Sunday across multiple locations. An image released by the news agency indicated that the drills were to take place in six different areas in the waters surrounding Taiwan.More on TaiwanChina's military drills to 'threaten Taiwan's territory', defence ministry says03 August, 2022Nancy Pelosi's Taiwan trip sees most perilous US-China brinkmanship for decades02 August, 2022Nancy Pelosi lands in Taiwan despite China's threat of 'serious consequences'02 August, 2022Taiwan’s defence ministry said on Wednesday that China had sent 21 planes flying toward Taiwan, 18 of them fighter jets. The others included an early warning plane and an electronic warfare plane.While US President Joe Biden expressed some wariness about Ms Pelosi’s trip, the administration did not openly oppose it, and said it was up to Ms Pelosi to decide whether to go.Chinese President Xi Jinping and Mr Biden both have made clear they do not want armed conflict.In a call with Mr Biden last week, Mr Xi echoed a theme of Mr Biden’s – their countries should co-operate on areas where they can.However, Mr Xi may face pressure to initiate a strong response as he prepares for the 20th National Congress of the Chinese Communist Party later this year, a twice-in-a-decade meeting which could mark the start of his unprecedented third term in power.
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