Uk News The Muon g-2 physics experiment which may have found 'a new force of nature', explained United Kingdom news
PremierLeague-News.Com - If confirmed, the results would be the biggest finding in the world of sub-atomic particles in nearly a decade
PremierLeague-News.Com - Breaking Sport Transfer News ! Physicists believe they may have discovered a new force of nature.Under current understanding of the universe, all forces can be fit into four fundamental categories; gravity, electromagnetism, the strong force and the weak force. These forces govern how all particles and objects interact with one another.Now, research carried out in an experiment near Chicago suggests there may be a fifth.The i newsletter latest news and analysisEmail address is invalidThank you for subscribing!Sorry, there was a problem with your subscription.The potential discovery could change the laws of physics.What has been discovered?At present researchers don’t really know what the potential force does, other than influence muon particles.Muon particles are a type-of sub-atomic fundamental particle, which means they cannot be broken down into smaller components – similar to an electron.During what scientists have called the Muon g-2 experiment, these particles were fired around a 14-metre ring, with a magnetic field applied.Under the current laws of physics, which we call the Standard Model, this should have made the muon particles wobble at a certain rate.However, they moved faster than expected, and researchers believe this may have been caused by a new force, which could be associated with an undiscovered sub-atomic particle.The UK’s Science and Technology Facilities Council told BBC News the result of the experiment “provides strong evidence for the existence of an undiscovered sub-atomic particle or new force”.The experiment was carried out at the Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab) in Batavia, Illinois.“We think we might be swimming in a sea of background particles all the time that just haven’t been directly discovered,” Fermilab experiment co-chief scientist Chris Polly said in a press conference.
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.”What does this potential discovery mean?If confirmed, this discovery could force changes to the Standard Model, which was developed around 50 years ago, and could help solve some of the mysteries of the universe.There is currently a one in 40,000 the result of the experiment was a statistical fluke. This chance needs to be reduced to one in 3.5 million for it to be deemed a discovery.The results would be the biggest finding in the world of sub-atomic particles in nearly a decade, since the discovery of the Higgs boson, often called the “God particle”, said Aida El-Khadra of the University of Illinois, who works on theoretical physics for the Fermilab experiment.The point of the experiments, explains Johns Hopkins University theoretical physicist David Kaplan, is to pull apart particles and find out if there is “something funny going on” with both the particles and the seemingly empty space between them.“The secrets don’t just live in matter. They live in something that seems to fill in all of space and time. These are quantum fields,” he said. “We’re putting energy into the vacuum and seeing what comes out.”Dr Mitesh Patel, from Imperial College London, who was involved with a similar experiment at Large Hadron Collider in Switzerland, said: “The race is really on now to try and get one of these experiments to really get the proof that this really is something new. That will take more data and more measurements and hopefully show evidence that these effects are real.”
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