Uk news Major £20million revamp of historic Victorian aqueduct completed PremierLeague-News.Com
PremierLeague-News.Com - A major upgrade to the Katrine Aqueduct, which was built in Victorian times and serves more than 1.3 million people in parts of Greater Glasgow and the central belt, has been completed.
PremierLeague-News.Com - Breaking Sport Transfer News ! A major upgrade to the Katrine Aqueduct, which was built in Victorian times and serves more than 1.3 million people in parts of Greater Glasgow and the central belt, has been completed. The £20 million project to improve and refurbish parts of the two aqueducts, the first 34 miles long and the second 23.5 miles long, which take water from Loch Katrine to two of Scotland’s biggest water treatment works, will help improve the security of the water supply to customers for generations to come. The investment was the latest phase of the biggest upgrade to the megastructure since the first aqueduct was built in 1859, when it was hailed as one of the world’s greatest engineering feats of its day. A total of 17 miles of tunnel sections had concrete and masonry repairs and 10 bridge sections had masonry and metalwork repairs carried out by a team of about 35 workers over the past two years, with a three-month break due to the Covid pandemic. Read More Related Articles Homeowner's anguish after £650k country home is wrecked after being turned in to cannabis farm Read More Related Articles Plans for new Stirling retail park could create 450 jobs The aqueduct takes raw water by gravity, with no need for pumping, along its two routes from the south shore of Loch Katrine to the Milngavie and Balmore Water Treatment Works (WTW), just north of Glasgow, which treat about 550m litres of water every day, enough to fill more than 275 Olympic swimming pools or more than six million baths. The original aqueduct includes tunnels through mountainous terrain in the shadow of Ben Lomond and bridges over the valleys of the Duchray, Endrick and Blane watercourses. It was built to provide Glasgow with its first proper water supply. Click here for more news and sport from the Stirling area. A second aqueduct was constructed to accommodate the rapid expansion of Glasgow in the late 19th century. They are as much as six miles apart on some stretches, just five metres apart on others. The entire Katrine Aqueduct scheme cost £3.2m to build, which would be about £320m in today’s prices. Milngavie WTW serves more than 700,000 people across much of the Glasgow area and Balmore WTW serves about 600,000 customers in areas from Bishopbriggs, Lennoxtown and Torrance in the west to parts of north east Glasgow and Cumbernauld, north Motherwell and Linlithgow, Bo’ness and parts of Grangemouth in the east. A £20 million project to improve and refurbish parts of the two aqueducts will help improve the security of the water supply for generations to come (Image: SNS Group) One of the most challenging parts of the project, which was carried out for Scottish Water by contractors George Leslie, was work to stabilise exposed rock sections, during which the project team used an unusual technique that involved drilling into the rock, inserting steel anchor bolts up to two metres long, attaching steel mesh reinforcements and then spraying concrete until structural integrity was established. Complex drilling rigs had to be set up within the tunnels to install the stabilising rock anchors. Given that some of this work was more than half a mile along the aqueduct from entry chambers, electric buggies were used to move equipment, materials and workers. The entire length of the ‘new’ and ‘old’ aqueducts were closed at different times during the project. But, through the use of cross-connections in our system and by pumping water from elsewhere on our network, we were able to maintain normal water supplies to customers.
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. Reconstructed areas of masonry on every part of the structure had to be matched with the existing stonework in terms of appearance and painting and protective coating systems were chosen carefully to blend with the surrounding structure. Scottish Water liaised with Historic Environment Scotland about the work, including refurbishment of the Duchray Old Truss Bridge and the Kinlochard and Castleburn bridges, which are listed structures. As well as upgrade work to both aqueducts, the project included a survey to improve our understanding and feed into a 25-year management plan for the aqueducts. They say it is the first time in living memory they have carried out a full internal survey of the new aqueduct. David Wilkinson, Scottish Water’s senior project manager, said: “The Katrine aqueducts, were a remarkable feat of engineering of their day and remain an outstanding example of sustainable civil engineering public works construction. “They have stood the test of time and are still performing very well but, despite some improvement work over the years, they required substantial improvement and refurbishment to ensure they continue to operate efficiently. “This investment by Scottish Water will help ensure we continue to provide a first-class service to a massive number of customers for many years to come and will help maintain the legacy of our Victorian forefathers who built them a more than 160 years ago. “All of the team feel privileged to have been involved in such a unique project. We all felt a degree of responsibility for making sure that the full scope of remedial work was delivered, and that it was done to the high standards set by the Victorian engineers.” Opened by Queen Victoria in 1859, the Katrine Aqueduct is one of Scotland’s most important, and environmentally friendly, pieces of infrastructure. The aqueduct is still as efficient and environmentally friendly now as it was then because it takes water by gravity – without the need for pumping using electricity – from Loch Katrine to the Milngavie and Balmore WTWs before it is distributed to customers.
If the water did have to be pumped from loch to treatment works, it would cost Scottish Water more than £6m a year. The sustainability of the aqueduct, which is inspiring Scottish Water as it strives to transform its activities to reach zero carbon emissions five years ahead of national 2045 targets, is underlined by key figures which show that: ● it currently supplies about 110 million gallons of water per day. ● it was laid at a gradient of 10 inches per mile, meaning that it drops by one metre for every 6334 metres horizontally or by just 6.6 metres from the north end at Loch Katrine to the south at Milngavie and so is almost flat. ● If they were not able to use gravity on the aqueduct and had to pump water using electricity it would require about 64.8 million kWh per year, which would be enough to power 18,200 houses for a year. David Wilkinson, Scottish Water’s senior project manager, said: “It’s a great tribute to the people who designed and built it that the aqueduct is still so environmentally-friendly and delivering massive benefits to Scotland in the 21st century. “As Scottish Water is committed to doing all we can to reduce the impact we have on the environment and minimise our carbon emissions, the aqueduct should serve as an inspiration to us all.”
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