Daily uk news Minneapolis police chief tells court Derek Chauvin's use of force was not reasonable and he should have lifted his knee off George Floyd's neck as soon as he was 'motionless' in explosive testimony at trial  PremierLeague-News.Com

PremierLeague-News.Com - Police Chief Medaria Arradondo, left, testified Monday. Mr Arradondo fired Chauvin, right, and three other officers the day after Mr Floyd's, inset, death on May 25 last year.

Daily uk news Minneapolis police chief tells court Derek Chauvin's use of force was not reasonable and he should have lifted his knee off George Floyd's neck as soon as he was 'motionless' in explosive testimony at trial  PremierLeague-News.Com

PremierLeague-News.Com - Police Chief Medaria Arradondo, left, testified Monday. Mr Arradondo fired Chauvin, right, and three other officers the day after Mr Floyd's, inset, death on May 25 last year.

Daily uk news  Minneapolis police chief tells court Derek Chauvin's use of force was not reasonable and he should have lifted his knee off George Floyd's neck as soon as he was 'motionless' in explosive testimony at trial  PremierLeague-News.Com
05 April 2021 - 19:30

PremierLeague-News.Com - Breaking Sport Transfer News ! Minneapolis Police Chief Medaria Arradondo has told jurors that Derek Chauvin ‘absolutely did not’ follow police policy on de-escalation or use of force when he pressed his knee into George Floyd’s neck for 9mins 29 seconds.In explosive testimony Arradondo on Monday told the court that Chauvin’s use of force ‘absolutely’ violated the department’s policy and belief in ‘the sanctity of life.’ And that the pressure that he used was contrary to all departmental teachings.He said, ‘Once Mr Floyd had stopped resisting and certainly once he was in distress and trying to verbalize that, that should have stopped.‘Once there was no longer any resistance and clearly when Mr Floyd was no longer responsive and even motionaless to continue to apply that level of force to a person proned out, handcuffed behind their back that in no way shape or form is by policy, part of our training, certainly not part of our ethics or values.’Shown a still image taken from the bystander video Arradondo said, ‘When I look at the facial experession of Mr Floyd that does not appear in any way shape or form that that is ight to moderate pressure [as per policy].‘That action is not de-escalation and when we talk about the framework of our sanctity of life and principals and values that we have that action goes contrary.’Arradondo also told the court that he agreed the Chauvin had violated policy by failing to provide any medical aid to the clearly suffering Floyd.In opening statements Jerry Blackwell had promised the court that Arradondo would ‘not mince his words.’ After a slow start to his testimony in which the state combed through policE policy and training Arradondo made good that promise.As well as his clear condemnation of the actions that, he described as violating policy, Arradondo told the court that George Floyd’s alleged crime - passing a fake $20 bill at Cup Foods store - did not rise to the level of violent crime that demanded use of force or a custodial arrest.Continuing his evidence this afternoon Arradondo voiced his conviction that, ‘The one singular factor on which Minneapolis Police Department will be judged forever is Use of Force.’It is why, he said, ‘Sanctity of life and the protection of the public are the cornerstones of MPD policy.’According to Arradondo, ‘While it is imperative that we want to make sure our officers go home safe to their family at the end of their shift, we want to make sure members of the public do too.’He explained, ‘We have a duty of care and so when someone is in our custody regardless of if they’re a suspect we have an obligation to make sure that we provide for their care.‘They have rights [and for] the humanity of this profession we have to make sure we are taking care of them.’Defense attorney Nelson has repeatedly told the court that they must consider the ‘totality of the circumstances’ when judging his client but today prosecutor Steve Schleicher used exactly this model against him as he asked Arradondo to explain MPD policy and give his own assessment.Arradondo outlined what the totality of the circumstances consists of explaining that officers must consider the severity of the crime, whether the suspect poses an immediate threat and whether he is attempting to resist or avoid arrest.Based on that, he said, they must use only, ‘objectively reasonable force.’ According to MPD policy that is, ‘The amount and type of force that would be considered rational and logical to an ‘objective’ officer on the scene, supported by facts and circumstances known to an officer at the time force was used.’  Police Chief Medaria Arradondo fired Chauvin and three other officers the day after Mr Floyd's death on May 25 last year. He said at the time: 'Mr. George Floyd's tragic death was not due to a lack of training - the training was there. Chauvin knew what he was doing' Derek Chauvin, 45, pictured right Monday, is charged with murder and manslaughter after being accused of pinning his knee down on Mr Floyd's neck for nine minutes and 29 seconds. He has pleaded not guilty, arguing that he did only what he was trained to do in his 19 years as a police officer Police Chief Medaria Arradondo explained to jurors procedures in place to deescalate situations with suspects. Chauvin's signed MPD policy and procedure manual is pictured  more videos 1 2 3 Watch video Parents pay tribute to two-week-old baby killed after pram hit by car Watch video Two-week-old baby dies after pram hit by car in Brownhills Watch video Mother and child escape a horror boat explosion on Easter Sunday Watch video Boris Johnson 'hopeful' of allowing international travel after 17 May Watch video Customers applaud after woman is removed for 'refusing to wear mask' Watch video Mandalorian starship crashes after being blown over by strong winds Watch video Health minister Edward Argar defends accuracy of lateral flow tests Watch video Boat engulfed in flames in the Hawkesbury River Marina, Brooklyn Watch video Chimney falls off roof and onto car in the Scottish Borders Watch video Boris Johnson confirms April 12th lockdown easing will go ahead Watch video Donald and Melania Trump attend Easter Service at Florida church Watch video Police investigate scene after fatal car crash in Brownhills DM.later('bundle', function(){ DM.molFeCarousel.init('#p-23', 'channelCarousel', { "activeClass" : "wocc", "pageCount" : "3.0", "pageSize" : 1, "onPos": 0, "updateStyleOnHover": true }); }); Arradondo also admitted that, when he first viewed the incident on the city’s Milestone cameras, he did not see anything that ‘jumped out to him’ as untoward.It was only when he received a phone-call from a member of the public, at around midnight on May 25, 2020, that he was alerted to the bystander video footage that was, for him, a gamechanger.He recalled, ‘Close to midnight a community member contacted me and said, “Chief have you seen the video of your officer choking and killing that man at 38th and Chicago?”’Instantly Arradondo said, ‘I just knew it wasn’t the same milestone video that I had seen [that’s when] I saw for the first time what is now known as the bystander videoHe continued, ‘I was able to see the occurrence, the officers involved, Mr Floyd..I was actually able to hear what was occurring and I was also better able to get an understanding of the length of time.’  Chauvin, 45, is accused of killing Floyd by pinning his knee on the 46-year-old black man's neck for 9 minutes, 29 seconds, as he lay face-down in handcuffs after being detained for using an alleged counterfeit $20 bill to buy cigarettes The doctor who tried to revive Floyd had earlier told the court that for each minute he spent in cardiac arrest without CPR, his chances of survival fell by up to 15 per cent. Dr. Bradford Langenfeld, the medic at the Hennepin County Medical Center who pronounced Floyd dead after he had been without a pulse for 60 minutes, was the first witness to give evidence in the second week of Derek Chauvin's trial Monday. The doctor told jurors that he believed Floyd's cause of death last May 25 was asphyxia. Dr Langenfeld told the court, ‘Any amount of time that a patient spends in cardiac arrest without CPR markedly decreases the chances of survival’ before explaining that those chances dropped by 10 to 15 percent with each passing minute.There was nothing in the paramedics’ reports, he said, to suggest that they were concerned that Floyd had either suffered a heart attack or drug overdose.  Dr Langenfeld confirmed he received no report that CPR had been performed by any of the four police officers or witnesses at the scene before paramedics arrived.Dr Langenfeld also told how paramedics had fought to revive Floyd for 30 minutes by the time he arrived in his ward but that despite their efforts he was in cardiac arrest and save for occasional Pulseless Electrical Activity (PEA) – activity in the heart not strong enough to establish a pulse – he flat-lined.The medic could not recall whether or not Floyd was still cuffed on arrival but he did remember seeing indentations from the handcuffs on his wrists.  As his direct testimony came to an end Dr Langenfeld told the court that he had considered a host of possible causes for Floyd’s cardiac arrest and concluded that hypoxia – oxygen deficiency or asphyxia– was most likely, he said ‘based on the information that I had.’ Prosecutor Jerry Blackwell had already told the jury Arradondo, right, would 'not mince any words' during his testimony. Experts says it is unprecedented to see a police chief testify against one of their officersDr Langenfeld announced Floyd dead after 30 minutes in the hospital, by which time he had been without a pulse for close to an hour.Speaking softly and soberly he recalled, ‘In the absence of any apparent reversable cause, [I felt that] the likelihood of any meaningful outcome was far below 1 percent and we would not be able to resuscitate Mr Floyd, so I then pronounced him dead.’     Former Minneapolis police officer Chauvin, 45, is charged with murder and manslaughter after being accused of pinning his knee down on Mr Floyd's neck for nine minutes and 29 seconds. He has pleaded not guilty, arguing that he did only what he was trained to do in his 19 years as a cop.  By Monday, the chair set aside for a member of Chauvin’s family had removed from the Hennepin County District Courthouse’s 18th floor courtroom.While members of Floyd’s family are working a rota system of attendance, with one in the room every day while others view proceedings livestreamed into a room set aside for the family, there has been nobody to support Chauvin as he sits by his attorney’s side, diligently scribbling in a yellow legal pad.According to a Hennepin County Sheriff’s deputy present in the court they’ll put the chair back if somebody comes to sit in support of the disgraced former cop. The court also heard from Dr. Bradford Langenfeld Monday, pictured, the medic at the Hennepin County Medical Center who pronounced Floyd dead Key state witness who is refusing to testify in Derek Chauvin’s murder trial is being held in Hennepin County Jail Morries Lester Hall, the key state witness who is refusing to testify in Derek Chauvin’s murder trial is being held in Hennepin County Jail and ahead of his appearance before Judge Peter Cahill tomorrow, DailyMail.com has learned.Hall, 42, who was in the car along with George Floyd and Shawanda Hill on the day of Floyd’s death last week filed a shock notice with Hennepin County District Court stating his intention to plead the Fifth should he be called to testify by either side.Now, DailyMail.com has learned that Hall is in custody and has requested to be allowed to wear civilian clothes rather than jail ‘scrubs’ when he appears before Judge Cahill Tuesday morning. Hall has been in custody since March 16 when he was arrested on charges of violating a No Contact Order, Domestic Assault by Strangulation and another felony warrant. Bail was set at $10,000 He will appear via media-link Tuesday morning when the court will decide whether or not to grant his motion to quash the subpoena calling for him to give testimony.Hall’s bid to avoid testifying was filed the night before Floyd’s girlfriend Courtney Ross took the stand and told jurors that she and Floyd had bought opioids and drugs believed to be speedballs, a mix of methamphetamine and fentanyl, from Hall.The legal document was filed by Hennepin County Public Defender and states, ‘Mr Morries Lester Hall…hereby provides notice to all parties in this matter that if called to testify he will invoke his fifth amendment privilege against self-incrimination.’Hall, like Floyd, is a Houston native and the two men connected with each other in Minneapolis through a pastor. Reporting by Laura Collins, Chief Investigative Reporter in Minneapolis adverts.addToArray({"pos":"mpu_factbox"})Advertisement Schleicher spent a great deal of time teasing out the extent and complexity of training undergone by officers both pre and post their swearing in, as well as the annual required ‘post-credits’ that all cops – including the chief – must undergo and that include crisis management and use of force.One of the policies shown in court was the instruction that officers should, ‘Ensure that the length of any detention is no longer than necessary to take appropriate action for the known or suspected offense.’Last week jurors heard from two different police witnesses who expressed the opinion that Chauvin’s use of force against Floyd was unnecessarily protracted, extending as it did long after the dead man has ceased resisting or responding.Schleicher went onto show the jury highlighted excerpts of MPD policy including policies on ‘threatening the use of force and de-escalation,’ and he questioned Arradondo about the importance of ‘talking someone down rather than using force.’ Arradondo acknowledged that it was not always possible but said, ‘A lot of it hinged on communication, listening and verbal skills. 'If you could talk your way out of a situation where it didn’t have to result in physical force that was always a better situation.’ Judge Peter Cahill had earlier granted the defense a partial victory ahead of today’s proceedings. He said that jurors will be allowed to hear Chauvin’s voice and see his reactions in the immediate aftermath of Floyd’s death. Chauvin’s attorney, Eric Nelson, had filed a motion asking to enter a longer edit of body-worn camera footage shown by the prosecution last week.Nelson’s strategy from the start has been to make this case about more than the 9mins 29 seconds during which Chauvin, 45, knelt on 46-year-old Floyd’s neck.This morning he argued, ‘As the court is aware this is a totality of the circumstances analysis based on what a reasonable officer would do under similar circumstances.‘There’s a lot more that happened that affected Mr Chauvin’s actions, he continued to investigate the alleged forgery.‘Ultimately it goes to a totality of circumstances analysis [and this footage] shows his reactions, you can hear his voice.’The portions that Nelson wanted to show the jury included moments during which the officers discussed who should ride to the hospital with Floyd, showed Officers Thomas Lane and J Alexander Keung talking about what had happened and Chauvin establishing that ‘goods and services’ had been provided by Cup Foods and that Floyd had paid with a fake $20 bill.  RELATED ARTICLES Previous 1 Next High school teacher sparks outrage after making students... 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Share this article Share Schleicher spent a great deal of time teasing out the extent and complexity of training undergone by officers both pre and post their swearing in, as well as the annual required ‘post-credits’ that all cops – including the chief – must undergo and that include crisis management and use of force One of the policies shown in court was the instruction that officers should, ‘Ensure that the length of any detention is no longer than necessary to take appropriate action for the known or suspected offense'According to Assistant Attorney General Matthew Frank the defense’s motion was simply a bid by Chauvin to ‘enter self-serving hearsay’ without having to testify.But while he did not agree to allow all of the portions of footage into evidence Judge Cahill handed Nelson a partial victory, allowing some of the video into evidence.He said, ‘It is relevant because it shows Mr Chauvin’s demenaor and actions immediately following Mr Floyd being removed to the hospital and I think that is relevant.’ Judge Cahill also heard arguments from Nelson and prosecutor Steven Schleicher amid discussions over what evidence could be entered regarding Chauvin’s training and who would be called to testify on it specifically.A slightly tetchy Judge Cahill warned the prosecution that their approach was ‘starting to get cumulative,’ telling them that they were not going to be able to ‘call every other police officer’ and ask them, ‘What would you have done?’Judge Cahill ruled that testimony must be limited to use of force, crisis intervention and medical training, adding, ‘Then we’re done with the MPD people giving opinion regarding use of force.’  Philonise Floyd, far left, is pictured walking into the Hennepin County Court on Monday. The chair set aside for a member of Chauvin’s family has been removed from Hennepin County District Courthouse’s 18th floor courtroom Terrence Floyd is pictured Monday. While members of Floyd’s family are working a rota system of attendance, with one in the room every day while others view proceedings livestreamed into a room set aside for the family, there has been nobody to support Chauvin as he sits by his attorney’s side, an increasingly isolated figure each dayThe motions came at the start of the second week of the highly anticipated trial after a first week dominated by a slew of harrowing footage from surveillance, cell phone and body-worn camera and ending with devastating testimony from Lieutenant Richard Zimmerman, the city’s most senior homicide officer, who slammed Chauvin’s use of force as ‘totally unnecessary.’Across a pacey week the jury heard from eye-witnesses, among them the MMA fighter who called Chauvin out for using a lethal ‘blood choke,’ the off-duty fire fighter, bitter and angry that she had not been allowed to intervene and 61-year-old Charles McMillian who had tried to talk Floyd into the squad car, to ‘make it go easy’ for him.They heard from the nine-year-old, ‘sad and mad’ by what she had seen May 25, 2020 when she went to Cup Foods to buy snacks and candy with her cousin, Darnella Frazier, the 17-year-old bystander who lifted up her cell phone and recorded the video that went viral.They heard from Cup Foods clerk Christopher Martin who reflected on the events of that day with ‘disbelief and guilt,’ regretting that he ever took the fake $20 bill from Floyd as each witness told of their sense of having failed the man who died before them.Floyd’s girlfriend Courtney Ross admitted that she and Floyd struggled with opioid addiction and that, in the weeks before his death, she had grown concerned that his usage was spiralling. She told jurors how the ‘friends’ with Floyd in his car that day – Morries Lester Hall and Shawanda Hill – were in fact people from whom he had bought drugs.In a shock move Hall, who had been expected to serve as a key witness filed notice with the court that, if called to testify by either side, he would plead the Fifth to avoid self-incrimination.Judge Cahill told the court that he will ‘deal with Mr Hall’s invocation of his right’ first thing Tuesday.      Minneapolis's first black police chief Medaria Arradondo (pictured) who fired Derek Chauvin and accused him of 'murder' is set to give evidence at the trial into George Floyd's death Video showed Smith gesturing to Chauvin to remove his knee from Floyd's neck so they could put his limp body on a stretcherVideo of the death plus officers' body-camera video and previously unseen bystander footage, was a heavy component of the first week of the trial, reawakening traumatic memories for viewers of the livestreamed trial.The city moved soon after Floyd's death to ban police chokeholds and neck restraints. Arradondo and Mayor Jacob Frey have also made several policy changes, including expanding requirements for reporting use-of-force incidents and documenting their attempts to de-escalate situations even when force isn't used.Prosecutors have already called supervisory officers to build the case that Chauvin improperly restrained Floyd. A duty sergeant and a lieutenant who leads the homicide division both questioned Chauvin's actions in pinning Floyd after officers responded to a report that Floyd had passed a counterfeit $20 bill.TAKING THE STAND: THE STATE'S WITNESSES IN DEREK CHAUVIN'S TRIAL Below is a recap of all the witnesses who have testified for the prosecution at Derek Chauvin's trial as of midday Thursday, in order of appearance. 911 dispatcher Jenna Scurry The prosecution's first witness on Monday, March 29, was Jenna Scurry, a 911 dispatcher who watched live video of police kneeling on Floyd and testified that she called the officers' supervisor with concerns about their use of force.  It was Scurry who sent officers to the Cup Foods at 38th and Chicago Avenue on May 25, 2020, after receiving a call about a man using a counterfeit bill. Scurry told how she had seen surveillance footage of the incident from one of the city's pole mounted cameras and been struck by a 'gut instinct' that 'something wasn't right'. The video, which had not previously been released publicly, showed Chauvin and fellow officers Lane and Keung perched atop Floyd next to a squad car while officer Thao looked on. Scurry noted that she wasn't watching the stream the entire time because she was fielding other calls. But she said that as she glanced away and back again, she was struck that the officers hadn't moved and asked a colleague if the screen had frozen. 'I first asked if the screens had frozen because it hadn't changed. I thought something might be wrong,' she said. 'It was an extended period of time. I can't tell you the exact period and they hadn't told me if they needed any more resources but I became concerned that something might be wrong.' She said that she hadn't wanted to be a 'snitch' but she recognized what appeared to be use of force and stated: 'I took that instinct and I called the sergeant.'Assistant Attorney General Matthew Frank played audio from the call, in which Scurry said: 'I don't know if they had to use force or not. They got something out of the back of the squad and all of them sat on this man. So I don't know if they needed to or not but they haven't said anything to me yet.' 'You can call me a snitch if you want to,' she added.She said she made the call to 'voice my concerns' and noted that she had never made one like it to a police sergeant before.    Cross examining Scurry, Chauvin's attorney Eric Nelson was at pains to underscore gaps in what she saw and the facts that she had no police training, little knowledge of what the calls to which she sent officers actually looked like and pointed out that her attention was not trained on the screen at all times. more videos 1 2 3 Watch video Parents pay tribute to two-week-old baby killed after pram hit by car Watch video Two-week-old baby dies after pram hit by car in Brownhills Watch video Mother and child escape a horror boat explosion on Easter Sunday Watch video Boris Johnson 'hopeful' of allowing international travel after 17 May Watch video Customers applaud after woman is removed for 'refusing to wear mask' Watch video Mandalorian starship crashes after being blown over by strong winds Watch video Health minister Edward Argar defends accuracy of lateral flow tests Watch video Boat engulfed in flames in the Hawkesbury River Marina, Brooklyn Watch video Chimney falls off roof and onto car in the Scottish Borders Watch video Boris Johnson confirms April 12th lockdown easing will go ahead Watch video Donald and Melania Trump attend Easter Service at Florida church Watch video Police investigate scene after fatal car crash in Brownhills DM.later('bundle', function(){ DM.molFeCarousel.init('#p-50', 'channelCarousel', { "activeClass" : "wocc", "pageCount" : "3.0", "pageSize" : 1, "onPos": 0, "updateStyleOnHover": true }); }); Bystander Alisha Oyler Jurors were shown yet more previously unseen video footage on Monday afternoon - this time in the form of a series of cell phone recordings made by Alisha Oyler, a cashier at the Speedway gas station opposite Cup Foods who was the state's second witness. 'Trying not to cuss' and frequently failing to recall events Oyler explained that she had first noticed police 'messing with someone' outside the Dragon Wok restaurant opposite Cup Foods. She said she had watched officers handcuff Floyd and take him across to the now infamous site of squad car 320 in front of the store's entrance and continued to record events on her cell phone as she stepped out to have a cigarette.She said she had done so because the police were 'always messing with people and it's not right'. more videos 1 2 3 Watch video Parents pay tribute to two-week-old baby killed after pram hit by car Watch video Two-week-old baby dies after pram hit by car in Brownhills Watch video Mother and child escape a horror boat explosion on Easter Sunday Watch video Boris Johnson 'hopeful' of allowing international travel after 17 May Watch video Customers applaud after woman is removed for 'refusing to wear mask' Watch video Mandalorian starship crashes after being blown over by strong winds Watch video Health minister Edward Argar defends accuracy of lateral flow tests Watch video Boat engulfed in flames in the Hawkesbury River Marina, Brooklyn Watch video Chimney falls off roof and onto car in the Scottish Borders Watch video Boris Johnson confirms April 12th lockdown easing will go ahead Watch video Donald and Melania Trump attend Easter Service at Florida church Watch video Police investigate scene after fatal car crash in Brownhills DM.later('bundle', function(){ DM.molFeCarousel.init('#p-51', 'channelCarousel', { "activeClass" : "wocc", "pageCount" : "3.0", "pageSize" : 1, "onPos": 0, "updateStyleOnHover": true }); }); MMA fighter and bystander Donald WilliamsDonald Winn Williams II, a mixed martial arts fighter and the prosecution's third witness who had yelled at Chauvin to check for a pulse and accused him of placing Floyd in what he called a 'kill choke', testified first on Monday before continuing on Tuesday. Williams became emotional as he spoke about how he called 911 after Floyd was placed in an ambulance because:  'I believed I had just witnessed a murder. I felt the need to call the police on the police.'He began to cry as jurors were played audio of the call, in which he named officer 987 and said: 'He just pretty much killed this guy. He wasn't resisting arrest. He had his knee on his neck. He wasn't resisting arrest or nothing, he was handcuffed.' Williams said he witnessed Chauvin 'shimmying', or adjusting his position on Floyd's neck, in a recognized martial art maneuver designed to double-down on and tighten a choke hold.He told how he watched Chauvin squeeze the life out of Floyd, who he said was in 'tremendous pain' and 'faded away like a fish in a bag' He said that when he called Chauvin out for using a blood choke the officer looked him straight in the eye and did not stop.  Williams also told how Officer Tou Thao put his hands on his chest and pushed him back to the curb when he tried to intervene.  According to Williams the crowd that had gathered was not threatening the officers and his calls to check for a pulse were echoed by an off duty fire fighter whose pleas to the officers also went unheard. At the end of his 911 call Williams was heard shouting at Thao: 'Y'all murderers man, y'all murderers.'   On cross-examination, Chauvin's attorney Eric Nelson attempted to undercut William's presentation of himself as a controlled and professional observer of events who remained schooled by his training and experience in sports and security.Nelson appeared to be trying to provoke Williams into a display of anger as he repeatedly tried to discredit his claims to having remained calm.'You started calling [Chauvin] names didn't you?' Nelson asked. 'You called him, "a tough guy." You called him "such a man," "bogus." You called him a "bum" 13 times. You called him a "bitch."'But while Williams agreed to all of these assertions he would not be persuaded to agree to Nelson's characterization of him as 'angry' or threatening.Asked if he had told Officer Tou Thao that he hoped he would shoot himself he said: 'No..I said you will shoot yourself in two years because of what you did.'  more videos 1 2 3 Watch video Parents pay tribute to two-week-old baby killed after pram hit by car Watch video Two-week-old baby dies after pram hit by car in Brownhills Watch video Mother and child escape a horror boat explosion on Easter Sunday Watch video Boris Johnson 'hopeful' of allowing international travel after 17 May Watch video Customers applaud after woman is removed for 'refusing to wear mask' Watch video Mandalorian starship crashes after being blown over by strong winds Watch video Health minister Edward Argar defends accuracy of lateral flow tests Watch video Boat engulfed in flames in the Hawkesbury River Marina, Brooklyn Watch video Chimney falls off roof and onto car in the Scottish Borders Watch video Boris Johnson confirms April 12th lockdown easing will go ahead Watch video Donald and Melania Trump attend Easter Service at Florida church Watch video Police investigate scene after fatal car crash in Brownhills DM.later('bundle', function(){ DM.molFeCarousel.init('#p-52', 'channelCarousel', { "activeClass" : "wocc", "pageCount" : "3.0", "pageSize" : 1, "onPos": 0, "updateStyleOnHover": true }); }); Bystander Darnella Frazier, 18 Darnella Frazier, who was 17 years old when she recorded the most famous viral video of Floyd's arrest last spring, took the stand on Tuesday and told how she felt helpless as she watched him lose consciousness. 'There's been nights I've stayed up apologizing to George Floyd for not doing more and not physically interacting, not saving his life,' Darnella, now 18, said. 'But it's not what I should have done -  it's what he [Chauvin] should have done.'Darnella - who was not shown on camera in court because of her age - asserted that Chauvin pressed his knee into Floyd's neck even harder as the growing crowd begged him to stop - and that he didn't remove his knee even when paramedics were searching for a pulse. Under questioning by trial attorney Jerry Blackwell, Darnella said: 'I heard George Floyd saying: "I can't breathe, please get off of me." He cried for his mom and he was in pain. 'It seemed like he knew it was over for him. He was terrified, he was suffering. This was a cry for help.' When an ambulance finally arrived, Darnella claimed that paramedics treating Floyd had to tell Chauvin to remove his knee from the unconscious man's neck.'The ambulance person had to actually tell him to lift up. He checked his pulse first while Chauvin's knee still remained on Floyd's neck,' she said. 'The paramedic did a "get up" motion, basically telling him to remove his knee.'  Darnella said that she felt 'threatened' by both Chauvin and Thao who she said 'were quick to put their hands on their mace' when a woman who identified herself as a firefighter asked Chauvin to check for a pulse and she and Darnella made to move towards Floyd where he lay.'Officer Thao and Chauvin, he put his hand on his mace, they put their hands on their mace. I can't remember if they actually pointed it at us,' Darnella said.Asked if, at any point, Chauvin had 'got up or let up' she said: 'If anything he actually was kneeling harder. It looked like he was shoving his knee in his neck.' At the close of her testimony Darnella broke down as she told jurors how witnessing and filming Floyd's death affected her life.'When I look at George Floyd I look at my dad, I look my brothers, I look at my cousins, my uncles because they are all black,' she said. 'I have a black father, black brother, black friends and I look at that and I think how that could have been them.'  more videos 1 2 3 Watch video Parents pay tribute to two-week-old baby killed after pram hit by car Watch video Two-week-old baby dies after pram hit by car in Brownhills Watch video Mother and child escape a horror boat explosion on Easter Sunday Watch video Boris Johnson 'hopeful' of allowing international travel after 17 May Watch video Customers applaud after woman is removed for 'refusing to wear mask' Watch video Mandalorian starship crashes after being blown over by strong winds Watch video Health minister Edward Argar defends accuracy of lateral flow tests Watch video Boat engulfed in flames in the Hawkesbury River Marina, Brooklyn Watch video Chimney falls off roof and onto car in the Scottish Borders Watch video Boris Johnson confirms April 12th lockdown easing will go ahead Watch video Donald and Melania Trump attend Easter Service at Florida church Watch video Police investigate scene after fatal car crash in Brownhills DM.later('bundle', function(){ DM.molFeCarousel.init('#p-53', 'channelCarousel', { "activeClass" : "wocc", "pageCount" : "3.0", "pageSize" : 1, "onPos": 0, "updateStyleOnHover": true }); }); Bystander Judea, nine Nine-year-old witness Judea, took the witness stand on Tuesday and described how she and her cousin Darnella, who testified earlier, had gone to Cup Foods for snacks on May 25, 2020, when they found Floyd pinned to the ground by Chauvin and two other police officers. The girl, who was not shown on camera due to her age, gave gut-wrenching testimony about how Chauvin refused to remove his knee from Floyd's neck even after paramedics arrived and 'asked him nicely to get off of him'. 'He [Chauvin] still stayed on him [Floyd],' Judea said. She said the medics eventually 'just had to put him off, get him off of him.'Gently questioned by trial attorney Jerry Blackwell about how she felt as she saw these events, Judea said: 'I was sad and kind of mad. If felt like he was stopping his breathing and kind of hurting him.'  Judea is pictured second from the right in a green shirt in video from Floyd's fatal confrontation with police that was shown in courtBystander Alyssa, 18The prosecution's fourth witness on Tuesday was an 18-year-old named Alyssa, who told prosecutor Erin Eldridge how she had walked towards the incident and started recording on her friend's cell phone because she too just knew that 'something was wrong'. After describing what she saw of Floyd, Alyssa had to stop and recover her composure before she could continue with the clearly distressing testimony. 'It's difficult [to talk about] because I felt like there wasn't anything I could do…and I felt like I was failing him, failing to do anything,' she said through tears. As with Darnella and her little cousin who testified this morning, Alyssa said that Chauvin did not move his knee even on the arrival of paramedics and in fact she saw him put more weight on Floyd's neck as the minutes ticked by.'He [Chauvin] didn't really take his eyes off him [Floyd] for the most part. At one point I saw him put more and more weight onto him. I saw his back foot lift off the ground and his hands go in his pocket.'Seeming to echo the movement that an earlier witness, Donald Williams, had described as a 'shimmy', she said: 'I saw him move his knee down more, make little movements.'The prosecution played the video recorded by Alyssa that day, showing yet again the horror of the event and the small group of onlookers yelling for Floyd's pulse to be checked and painted by the defense as an angry mob.Alyssa could be heard in clear distress shouting: 'He's not moving. Check his pulse. Tell me his pulse right now. It's been over a minute [since he moved].'Recalling that day she said simply: 'I knew that time was running out. He was going to die.'Finally she said, there came a point when 'I kind of knew that he was dead and not breathing, no longer fighting, no longer resisting.'In a brief cross examination Alyssa admitted that she had told investigating officers that she had seen the other officers (Lane or Keung) checking Floyd's handcuffed wrist for a pulse 'multiple times'. But she added: 'Afterwards I told them it looked like they did not find one.'  more videos 1 2 3 Watch video Parents pay tribute to two-week-old baby killed after pram hit by car Watch video Two-week-old baby dies after pram hit by car in Brownhills Watch video Mother and child escape a horror boat explosion on Easter Sunday Watch video Boris Johnson 'hopeful' of allowing international travel after 17 May Watch video Customers applaud after woman is removed for 'refusing to wear mask' Watch video Mandalorian starship crashes after being blown over by strong winds Watch video Health minister Edward Argar defends accuracy of lateral flow tests Watch video Boat engulfed in flames in the Hawkesbury River Marina, Brooklyn Watch video Chimney falls off roof and onto car in the Scottish Borders Watch video Boris Johnson confirms April 12th lockdown easing will go ahead Watch video Donald and Melania Trump attend Easter Service at Florida church Watch video Police investigate scene after fatal car crash in Brownhills DM.later('bundle', function(){ DM.molFeCarousel.init('#p-56', 'channelCarousel', { "activeClass" : "wocc", "pageCount" : "3.0", "pageSize" : 1, "onPos": 0, "updateStyleOnHover": true }); }); Bystander Kaylynn, 17 Alyssa's friend, 17-year-old Kaylynn, was the last minor to testify on Tuesday. Her recollections aligned with those of earlier witnesses.She said that it was the police officers who were 'hostile' not the crowd recalling how Chauvin was 'digging his knee into George Floyd's neck' and 'grabbed his mace and started shaking it at us' when onlookers shouted at him to check for a pulse.'I was scared because I didn’t know what was going to happen,' she said. Asked directly what she was scared of, she replied: 'I was scared of Chauvin.'Chauvin's attorney Eric Nelson did not cross examine the final teenOff-duty firefighter Genevieve HansenOff-duty Minneapolis firefighter and paramedic Genevieve Hansen, 27, caused a stir in the courtroom on Tuesday when she was admonished by Judge Cahill for repeatedly interrupting and talking back to Chauvin's attorney Eric Nelson during cross examination. Hansen had wiped away tears as she recalled how she had identified herself as a first responder and begged to help Floyd when she believed he was dying outside the Cup Foods store in Minneapolis on May 25, 2020. But soon after her demeanor changed as she was questioned by Nelson, who asked if she would describe bystanders at the scene of Floyd's arrest as upset or angry. Hansen replied: 'I don't know if you've seen anybody be killed, but it's upsetting.' At this point Judge Cahill stepped in and cautioned Hansen for being argumentative, telling her to 'just answer his questions'. Minutes later Cahill sent the jury out for the day before turning to an increasingly combative Hansen and telling her in no uncertain terms: 'You will not argue with the court, you will not argue with counsel.'    Under questioning by Assistant Attorney General Matthew Frank on Tuesday, Hansen had explained how her desperate pleas to be allowed to provide Floyd with life-saving medical assistance were ignored by the officers who pinned him down and blocked by officer Thao.'I tried calm and reasoning, I pleaded and was desperate. I was desperate to help,' Hansen said. Her calls fell on deaf ears as Chauvin remained unmoved and Officer Thao told her to remain on the curb, at one point saying: 'If you really are a Minneapolis firefighter you would know better than to get involved.' In court Hansen said: 'That's exactly what I should have done. There was no medical assistance on the scene and I could have given [it].'  'The officers were leaning over his body with what appeared to be the majority of their weight on him,' she said. 'He wasn't moving, he was cuffed and three grown men putting all their weight on somebody – that's too much. 'Chauvin seemed very comfortable with the majority of his weight balanced on top of Mr Floyd's neck. In my memory he had his hand in his pocket. He wasn't distributing the weight on the car, on the pavement.'Hansen, who is a qualified EMT with state and national licenses, said that she had assessed that Floyd had a 'altered level of consciousness,' that concerned her greatly.She said that his face was 'smooshed' into the pavement and said: 'I was really concerned. I thought his face looked puffy and swollen which would happen if you were putting a grown man's weight [on him].'I noticed some fluid coming from what looked like George Floyd's body and a lot of time we see a patient release their bladder when they die - that's where my mind went. He was restrained but he wasn't moving.'Hansen said she recognized that Floyd was unconscious because he was not responding to the 'painful stimulae' of Chauvin's knee on his neck. 'What I needed to know was whether or not he had a pulse anymore,' she said. But she said she was not permitted access to the scene and the officers ignored her offers to talk them through CPR.She said she felt 'helpless.' 'There's a man being killed,' she said, 'and had I had access I would have [helped]. This human was denied that right.'Before she took the stand jury saw video she had recorded on the scene and heard audio of the 911 call she placed immediately after.Her voice trembling with shock and emotion she could be heard telling the operator: 'I literally just watched police officers not take a pulse and not to do anything to save a man and I am a first responder myself and I literally have it on video.' In an uncomfortable cross-examination, Hansen became visibly frustrated with Nelson's line of questioning and refused to be drawn into an admission that she would be distracted from her job if a threatening crowd were gathered telling her she was 'doing it wrong'.Time after time Nelson attempted to get an admission out of her until she said: 'I think a burning structure where there are buildings and homes and people living on either side is much more concerning than 20 people.'I'll repeat myself, I know my job, I'm confident in doing my job and there's nothing anybody can do to disturb me.' As Nelson's cross examination continued, Hansen became less and less tolerant of his questioning. When he asked if she had grown angry, she said she had been 'desperate' before admitting: 'I got quite angry after Mr Floyd was loaded into the ambulance and there was no point in trying to reason with them anymore because they had just killed somebody.' In stark contrast to the high emotion of Tuesday, questions were brief and subdued when Hansen returned to the stand on Wednesday morning.Asked by Nelson if she had provided ID at the scene of George Floyd's death, Hansen said no before confirming to Frank that her assessment had been that the dying man required, 'immediate medical attention.'  more videos 1 2 3 Watch video Parents pay tribute to two-week-old baby killed after pram hit by car Watch video Two-week-old baby dies after pram hit by car in Brownhills Watch video Mother and child escape a horror boat explosion on Easter Sunday Watch video Boris Johnson 'hopeful' of allowing international travel after 17 May Watch video Customers applaud after woman is removed for 'refusing to wear mask' Watch video Mandalorian starship crashes after being blown over by strong winds Watch video Health minister Edward Argar defends accuracy of lateral flow tests Watch video Boat engulfed in flames in the Hawkesbury River Marina, Brooklyn Watch video Chimney falls off roof and onto car in the Scottish Borders Watch video Boris Johnson confirms April 12th lockdown easing will go ahead Watch video Donald and Melania Trump attend Easter Service at Florida church Watch video Police investigate scene after fatal car crash in Brownhills DM.later('bundle', function(){ DM.molFeCarousel.init('#p-57', 'channelCarousel', { "activeClass" : "wocc", "pageCount" : "3.0", "pageSize" : 1, "onPos": 0, "updateStyleOnHover": true }); }); Cup Foods employee Christopher Martin Cup Foods clerk Christopher Martin, who was working on May 25, 2020, took the stand on Wednesday to testify about how his coworker called the cops on Floyd because he believed he used a counterfeit $20 bill. Looking back, Martin said he wished he'd never raised alarm about the bill because he believes Floyd might still be alive if he hadn't, telling the court: 'This could have been avoided.

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.  Martin told the court that he became suspicious of the bill because it had an unusual 'blue pigment so I assumed it was fake'. 'The policy was if you took a counterfeit bill you had to pay for it out of your pay-check,' Martin explained. 'I took it anyways and was planning to just put it on my tab - until I second guessed myself and eventually told my manager.' The manager then instructed Martin to go outside and bring Floyd back, he said. When Floyd refused, a co-worker called police. One of the responding officers was Chauvin. Questioned by Assistant Attorney General Matthew Frank, Martin said that the two things he noticed about Floyd were his 'size' and he appeared to be 'high'. However he said that he did not find Floyd's demeanor to be threatening, saying: 'He seemed very friendly, approachable, talkative, he seemed just to be having an average Memorial Day living his life. But he did seem high.'  Martin then narrated a second video showing him speaking with Floyd and his acquaintances in a car parked outside Cup Foods. He said he took two trips out to the vehicle, bringing co-workers with him the second time. 'I notified them that they needed to come back into the store and the bill was fake and my boss wanted to talk to them,' Martin said.He recalled Floyd sitting in the driver seat 'kind of shaking his head, putting his hands on his head. Like: "Why is this happening?" kind of thing.'Floyd repeatedly refused to come back into the store, at which point Martin said his manager instructed a co-worker to call the police. He said officers arrived and spoke to the manager while Martin went back to manning the cash register.   As the store emptied, Martin became aware of a commotion at the front of Cup Foods and went outside, where he saw Floyd pinned to the ground.  'I saw people yelling and screaming I saw Derek [Chauvin] with his knee on George's neck on the ground,' he said.'George was motionless, limp and Chauvin seemed very…he was in a resting state, meaning like he just rested his knee on his neck.'Martin, who lived above the store, said: 'I pulled my phone out first and called my mom and told her not to come downstairs. Then I started recording.'Later on that night I deleted it because when they picked George up off the ground the ambulance went straight down 38th and the quickest way to get to the hospital is straight down Chicago Avenue.'Martin said he assumed from this that Floyd was already dead and deleted his recording as he didn't want to have to show it to anybody or answer questions about it in the aftermath.Asked how he had felt as he absorbed what he had just witnessed, Martin said 'disbelief and guilt'.Martin, who had earlier told jurors that he had almost not reported the fake bill and only done so after second-guessing himself, said: 'If I would have just not taken the bill this could have been avoided.'Asked if he still worked at Cup Foods, Martin's voice cracked as he said: 'No. I didn't feel safe.' more videos 1 2 3 Watch video Parents pay tribute to two-week-old baby killed after pram hit by car Watch video Two-week-old baby dies after pram hit by car in Brownhills Watch video Mother and child escape a horror boat explosion on Easter Sunday Watch video Boris Johnson 'hopeful' of allowing international travel after 17 May Watch video Customers applaud after woman is removed for 'refusing to wear mask' Watch video Mandalorian starship crashes after being blown over by strong winds Watch video Health minister Edward Argar defends accuracy of lateral flow tests Watch video Boat engulfed in flames in the Hawkesbury River Marina, Brooklyn Watch video Chimney falls off roof and onto car in the Scottish Borders Watch video Boris Johnson confirms April 12th lockdown easing will go ahead Watch video Donald and Melania Trump attend Easter Service at Florida church Watch video Police investigate scene after fatal car crash in Brownhills DM.later('bundle', function(){ DM.molFeCarousel.init('#p-58', 'channelCarousel', { "activeClass" : "wocc", "pageCount" : "3.0", "pageSize" : 1, "onPos": 0, "updateStyleOnHover": true }); }); Bystander Christopher Belfrey, 45 Christopher Belfrey testified on Wednesday about video he recorded when he drove past Cup Foods and say officers Lane and Keung approaching Floyd in his car.   Belfrey, 45, said that he started recording when parked directly behind Floyd's SUV because he was 'startled' to see Lane draw his handgun.He explained that he pulled to the other side of the street, not wanting to 'get in the middle' of whatever was occurring and continued recording.The court watched the footage in which Floyd can be seen, apparently cuffed and compliant, seated against a wall having been removed from his vehicle.According to Belfrey, Lane and Keung then walked Floyd across to their squad car and put him in it.Belfrey said that he had simply gone home at that point because 'I thought he was detained. I thought it was over.'Bystander Charles McMillian, 61 Charles McMillian, who was the first person to confront police about their treatment of Floyd on the day of his fatal arrest, broke down in tears as the prosecution played footage of cops wrestling with the handcuffed black man.  McMillian, 61, said he was driving by the Cup Foods convenience store in Minneapolis on May 25, 2020, when he noticed officers struggling with Floyd and pulled over simply because he was 'being nosy'. Footage from Lane's body camera, which was being released for the first time by the court but had already obtained by DailyMail.com last year, McMillian was heard calling out as cops grappled with Floyd in their squad car. McMillian said he 'tried to make the situation easy,' by telling Floyd: 'You can't win.'  Floyd could be heard telling McMillian: 'I'm not trying to win. Don't do me like that, I'm claustrophobic.' As he described how Floyd began to cry out for his mother minutes later while pinned to the ground by the officers, McMillian wept as he revealed that he understood how Floyd felt after losing his own mom. 'I couldn't help but feel helpless. I don't have a mama either, but I understand him. My mom died June 25th,' the witness said through tears.  He revealed that he had experience of being handcuffed himself and as Floyd became more agitated, having been apparently calm as he was walked towards officers Lane and Keung's squad car, McMillian said he tried to help.The court played footage of the events as McMillian described them. One clip of McMillian on the sidewalk was spliced with body camera footage of Floyd in the squad car.  'I'm watching, you know, Mr Floyd,' McMillian said. 'He collapsed onto the back seat and I'm trying to get him to understand when you make a mistake, once they get you in cuffs you got to wait there.'Once they get you in cuffs you can't win.'  McMillian then described how he continued to try to help Floyd after officers Lane, Keung and Chauvin had pinned him to the ground.  '[Floyd] kept saying: "I can't breathe. Mama they're killing me, they're killing me.' He started saying: "My body's shutting down."'McMillian remembered hearing an officer talking about fetching a 'hog-tie' but did not recall ever seeing them use such a restraint.As more of the video was played McMillian's voice could be heard urging Floyd: 'Get up and get into the car. Get up and get into the car man.'Floyd responded: 'I can't.'Later McMillian could be heard telling Chauvin: 'Your knee on his neck, that's wrong man.'Of his own part in the scene, McMillian said: 'I was trying to help him. He appeared to be in and out [of consciousness], with foam around his mouth. I said: "Man he said he can't breathe," and they said: "Well if he keeps talking he can breathe."'As the state's questioning came to a close, jurors heard Chauvin speak for the first time.The officer's voice was caught on officer Thao's bodycam as he justified his actions in a brief exchange with McMillian.When McMillian told Chauvin: 'I don't respect what you did,' the officer replied: 'Well that's one person's opinion. We got to control this guy because he's a sizeable guy and looks like he's probably on something.'In a strange twist McMillian had also told the court how he had met and interacted with Chauvin just five days earlier. He said he had pulled alongside his squad car and said: 'At the end of the day you go home to your family safe and the next person they go home to their family safe.'Chauvin's attorney Eric Nelson did not cross-examine the witness.  more videos 1 2 3 Watch video Parents pay tribute to two-week-old baby killed after pram hit by car Watch video Two-week-old baby dies after pram hit by car in Brownhills Watch video Mother and child escape a horror boat explosion on Easter Sunday Watch video Boris Johnson 'hopeful' of allowing international travel after 17 May Watch video Customers applaud after woman is removed for 'refusing to wear mask' Watch video Mandalorian starship crashes after being blown over by strong winds Watch video Health minister Edward Argar defends accuracy of lateral flow tests Watch video Boat engulfed in flames in the Hawkesbury River Marina, Brooklyn Watch video Chimney falls off roof and onto car in the Scottish Borders Watch video Boris Johnson confirms April 12th lockdown easing will go ahead Watch video Donald and Melania Trump attend Easter Service at Florida church Watch video Police investigate scene after fatal car crash in Brownhills DM.later('bundle', function(){ DM.molFeCarousel.init('#p-59', 'channelCarousel', { "activeClass" : "wocc", "pageCount" : "3.0", "pageSize" : 1, "onPos": 0, "updateStyleOnHover": true }); }); Minneapolis Police Lt Jeff Rugel The prosecution called Lt Jeff Rugel, who runs the Minneapolis Police Department's Business Technology Unit, to the stand on Wednesday afternoon to authenticate officers' body camera footage and other video evidence from the scene.  Brief footage from Chauvin's camera was played, revealing his perspective as he approached Floyd for the first time.Chauvin was seen with his hands around Floyd's neck as he and Officer Thomas Lane struggled with to get him into a squad car. After a chaotic, blurred portion of footage, Chauvin's camera fell to the tarmac and there was no more footage from his perspective.In footage recorded by Lane's body camera, Chauvin's camera could be seen lying beneath the squad car.  It's unclear exactly how the camera came to be on the ground during the confrontation.  Rugel told the jury how that Minneapolis police policy demands that officers wear their cameras at all times and to activate them during any activity or public interaction. The prosecution went onto show the distressing body-camera footage from both Keung and Officer Tou Thao's body-worn cameras.Asked if Chauvin also wore a body camera and if, based on his experience and expertise, that was 'the box on the floor [beneath squad car 320]', Rugel said: 'Yes.'The court then saw previously unseen footage from Chauvin's body camera as he and Thao sped toward Cup Foods in their squad car.The footage was paused as Chauvin's hand reached toward the camera.Judge Peter Cahill excused the jury for the day after each segment of body camera footage had been viewed and entered into evidence. Rugel remained on the stand to answer technical questions from Chauvin's attorney Eric Nelson regarding the length and editing of the footage, as well as Minneapolis police policy regarding their usage.  more videos 1 2 3 Watch video Parents pay tribute to two-week-old baby killed after pram hit by car Watch video Two-week-old baby dies after pram hit by car in Brownhills Watch video Mother and child escape a horror boat explosion on Easter Sunday Watch video Boris Johnson 'hopeful' of allowing international travel after 17 May Watch video Customers applaud after woman is removed for 'refusing to wear mask' Watch video Mandalorian starship crashes after being blown over by strong winds Watch video Health minister Edward Argar defends accuracy of lateral flow tests Watch video Boat engulfed in flames in the Hawkesbury River Marina, Brooklyn Watch video Chimney falls off roof and onto car in the Scottish Borders Watch video Boris Johnson confirms April 12th lockdown easing will go ahead Watch video Donald and Melania Trump attend Easter Service at Florida church Watch video Police investigate scene after fatal car crash in Brownhills DM.later('bundle', function(){ DM.molFeCarousel.init('#p-60', 'channelCarousel', { "activeClass" : "wocc", "pageCount" : "3.0", "pageSize" : 1, "onPos": 0, "updateStyleOnHover": true }); }); George Floyd's girlfriend Courteney RossCourteney Ross broke down in tears within minutes of taking the stand on Thursday as she described how she and Floyd first met in 2017  at the Salvation Army's Harbor Light Center, a shelter where he was working as a security guard and she was visiting her son's father. The married mother-of-two said she was touched when Floyd asked to pray with her because she was going through a hard time in her own life - and they kissed in the lobby that same day. Ross - who wore a gold necklace with her late boyfriend's name - began crying even harder when Frank pulled up a photo of Floyd. Then she laughed as she called the photo a 'dad selfie', before telling how hard it was for Floyd to be so far away from his two daughters, who lived in Texas. She described the man who had called out for his mother in his dying moments as 'a mama's boy' who was 'devastated' and 'broken' by her death in May 2018. 'He seemed like a shell of himself like he was broken, he seemed so sad,' she said. 'He didn't have the same kind of bounce that he had.'  Ross was then asked to tackle head on the issue of drug abuse with which, she admitted, both she and Floyd struggled. She said that they were both addicted to opioids having been prescribed them for chronic pain - including oxycodone, which he took in pill form, obtaining it through other people's prescriptions to make sure the pills were safe. 'Both Floyd and I, our story — it's a classic story of how many people get addicted to opioids. We both suffered from chronic pain. Mine was in my neck and his was in his back. 'We both have prescriptions. But after prescriptions that were filled, and we got addicted, and tried really hard to break that addiction many times.' Though he tried to get clean, she said it was something that he struggled with 'every day'.In March 2020, she said, she noticed 'behavioral changes' that made her suspect that Floyd was using again, or more, and that she too fell into heavier use at that time.  On cross examination by Chauvin's attorney Eric Nelson, Ross revealed that that she and Floyd both purchased opioids from Morries Lester Hall, a friend who was in the passenger seat of Floyd's car on the day he died.  The friend, Morries Lester Hall, a key witness for the state, filed a shock notice on Wednesday stating that he plans to invoke the Fifth Amendment against self-incrimination, meaning that he will not testify.  Jurors heard that Hall sold controlled substances to both her and Floyd and that she 'did not like Morries at all'. Ross told the court how, in March 2020, just two months before Floyd's death, he purchased pills that she did not recognize as the opioids to which both she and Floyd were addicted.She said the pills, which she believes landed Floyd in the hospital due to an accidental overdose, appeared 'thick' and were not uniform, and that when she took them they did not have the same effect as opioids.'The pill seemed like it was a really strong stimulant. I couldn't sleep all night. I felt very jittery,' Hall said. Ross also revealed that Floyd had been hospitalized twice in March – on one occasion due to a drug overdose that saw him hospitalized for five days.Clearly trying to draw a parallel between the symptoms of which Floyd complained the day he died and the earlier known overdose, Nelson asked if Ross noticed 'foam coming from his mouth…a dry white substance', when she took Floyd to hospital in March.She said 'yes' and that he had complained of his stomach hurting and was 'doubled-over in pain'.According to Ross, on one occasion when she took pills believed to be bought from Hall she 'felt like she was going to die.' more videos 1 2 3 Watch video Parents pay tribute to two-week-old baby killed after pram hit by car Watch video Two-week-old baby dies after pram hit by car in Brownhills Watch video Mother and child escape a horror boat explosion on Easter Sunday Watch video Boris Johnson 'hopeful' of allowing international travel after 17 May Watch video Customers applaud after woman is removed for 'refusing to wear mask' Watch video Mandalorian starship crashes after being blown over by strong winds Watch video Health minister Edward Argar defends accuracy of lateral flow tests Watch video Boat engulfed in flames in the Hawkesbury River Marina, Brooklyn Watch video Chimney falls off roof and onto car in the Scottish Borders Watch video Boris Johnson confirms April 12th lockdown easing will go ahead Watch video Donald and Melania Trump attend Easter Service at Florida church Watch video Police investigate scene after fatal car crash in Brownhills DM.later('bundle', function(){ DM.molFeCarousel.init('#p-61', 'channelCarousel', { "activeClass" : "wocc", "pageCount" : "3.0", "pageSize" : 1, "onPos": 0, "updateStyleOnHover": true }); }); Paramedics Seth Bravinder and Derek SmithParamedics Seth Bravinder and Derek Smith testified on Thursday as the jury was shown shocking new images of EMTs loading Floyd into an ambulance and attempting to resuscitate him after he was driven from the scene at Cup Foods on May 25, 2020. Bravinder and Smith were asked by the prosecution to explain what was happening in graphic video and stills of Floyd being placed on a stretcher and treated in the ambulance. Some of the images came from video recorded by witnesses on the scene, while others came from the body camera of officer Thomas Lane, who rode with Floyd to the hospital.   Asked to describe Floyd's condition, Smith said: 'In lay terms, I thought he was dead,' as the prosecution showed a screengrab of him checking for Floyd's pulse.  Video showed Smith gesturing to Chauvin to remove his knee from Floyd's neck so they could put his limp body on a stretcher. In images shown during Smith's testimony, Floyd was seen slumped, and with his mouth bloodied as Smith said he did not have an obvious physical injury that would explain his dire condition. Smith told the court that Floyd's pupils were 'large and dilated'. more videos 1 2 3 Watch video Parents pay tribute to two-week-old baby killed after pram hit by car Watch video Two-week-old baby dies after pram hit by car in Brownhills Watch video Mother and child escape a horror boat explosion on Easter Sunday Watch video Boris Johnson 'hopeful' of allowing international travel after 17 May Watch video Customers applaud after woman is removed for 'refusing to wear mask' Watch video Mandalorian starship crashes after being blown over by strong winds Watch video Health minister Edward Argar defends accuracy of lateral flow tests Watch video Boat engulfed in flames in the Hawkesbury River Marina, Brooklyn Watch video Chimney falls off roof and onto car in the Scottish Borders Watch video Boris Johnson confirms April 12th lockdown easing will go ahead Watch video Donald and Melania Trump attend Easter Service at Florida church Watch video Police investigate scene after fatal car crash in Brownhills DM.later('bundle', function(){ DM.molFeCarousel.init('#p-62', 'channelCarousel', { "activeClass" : "wocc", "pageCount" : "3.0", "pageSize" : 1, "onPos": 0, "updateStyleOnHover": true }); }); Earlier the court heard extensive evidence about Floyd's struggles with opioid addiction. According to the defense Floyd died as a result of an overdose and not of asphyxiation.Bravinder was asked during his testimony what a medic would expect to see in the eyes of a patient who had suffered an opioid overdose. 'We look to see if their pupils are really small, constricted, pinpoint,' he said.But when Nelson countered, asking what methamphetamine – one of the substances found in Floyd's blood - does to the pupils, Bravinder said: 'It dilates them.'Smith told the court that he detected a flicker of electrical activity in Floyd's heart as they sped to the Hennepin County Medical Center and administered a shock in hopes of restarting a pulse. But, he said, Floyd remained 'in his dead state'.  Images shown during Bravinder's testimony showed Smith cutting Floyd's shirt and preparing to put in an IV line as he began attempts to resuscitate him on the way to Hennepin County Medical Center.  Both Bravinder and Smith testified that they wanted to get Floyd into the ambulance quickly because he was in cardiac arrest.  Bravinder added: 'On top of that there was also a crowd of people who were yelling and in my mind we had to get away from that because running a cardiac arrest takes lot of mental power, can be taxing and we want to do that in the optimum environment …to be in a controlled space.'Bravinder said he stopped the ambulance en route to the hospital and went into the back to assist his partner when Floyd's cardiac monitor was showing 'asystole' - the medical term for 'flat-lined'.  'It's not a good sign,' Bravinder said. 'Basically just because your heart isn't doing anything at that moment. There's not — it's not pumping blood. So it's not — it's not a good sign for a good outcome.'Floyd was shown strapped into a Lucas device - a mechanical method of delivering chest compressions – after he had flat-lined as medics desperately tried to restore a heartbeat and ventilate him by placing an airway device in his mouth. According to Bravinder, despite all efforts which included drilling a drip into bone in Floyd's leg – a common technique in cardiac arrest when medics struggle to get Intra Vascular (IV) access – Floyd never regained a pulse during his treatment of him.As Smith also recalled, Bravinder said at one point Floyd showed 'pulseless electrical activity' when his heart monitor picked up flickers of electrical rhythms but these were never strong enough to establish a pulse.When prosecutor Erin Eldridge asked if it was important to start resuscitation efforts as soon as a pulse was lost, Bravinder said: 'Yes, as soon as possible.' 'The longer a patient goes without receiving resuscitation the less likely it is that resuscitation will be successful.' Cross-examined by Nelson, Bravinder confirmed that he had personally been called out to emergencies involving drug overdoses and that police were called to such cases as a matter of course.Nelson asked: 'Is that because sometimes when people are treated for an overdose and they come round they become aggressive and violent?'Bravinder responded: 'Yes.'On re-direct, Eldridge asked Bravinder: 'Did you see someone who appeared to be unresponsive?'He replied: 'From what I could tell just standing from a distance, yes.'  Asked about Floyd's state in the ambulance, Bravinder said: 'I guess limp would be the best description. He wasn't — he was unresponsive and wasn't holding his head up or anything like that.'    more videos 1 2 3 Watch video Parents pay tribute to two-week-old baby killed after pram hit by car Watch video Two-week-old baby dies after pram hit by car in Brownhills Watch video Mother and child escape a horror boat explosion on Easter Sunday Watch video Boris Johnson 'hopeful' of allowing international travel after 17 May Watch video Customers applaud after woman is removed for 'refusing to wear mask' Watch video Mandalorian starship crashes after being blown over by strong winds Watch video Health minister Edward Argar defends accuracy of lateral flow tests Watch video Boat engulfed in flames in the Hawkesbury River Marina, Brooklyn Watch video Chimney falls off roof and onto car in the Scottish Borders Watch video Boris Johnson confirms April 12th lockdown easing will go ahead Watch video Donald and Melania Trump attend Easter Service at Florida church Watch video Police investigate scene after fatal car crash in Brownhills DM.later('bundle', function(){ DM.molFeCarousel.init('#p-63', 'channelCarousel', { "activeClass" : "wocc", "pageCount" : "3.0", "pageSize" : 1, "onPos": 0, "updateStyleOnHover": true }); }); Minneapolis Fire Department Captain Jeremy Norton Minneapolis Fire Department Captain Jeremy Norton testified on Thursday afternoon about the initial confusion that saw their fire rig arrive at Cup Foods to assist paramedics only to find that the ambulance had pulled off the scene and was treating Floyd a few blocks away.He explained that they had received very little information beyond receiving a call out to Cup Foods which was elevated from code 2 (non-emergent), to code 3, (lights and sirens en route).According to Norton the only information he had was that the patient had sustained 'a mouth injury'.On arrival at the store Norton found 'people upset' and searched for a patient.Norton said: 'I was looking for a patient. The call was confusing because I didn't have a lot of information so was essentially looking on the floor for someone.'The fire rig ultimately joined the ambulance crew at 36th and Park Avenue, two blocks away.By the time he saw Floyd he was, he said: 'Face up on the stretcher. He had an advance airway in an he had the Lucas compression device in place and working.'Norton cleared Lane out of the ambulance and took over attempts to resuscitate Floyd who was, he said, 'to all intents and purposes dead'.Norton revealed that after seeing Floyd's condition he had two of his colleagues return to the scene to check on Genevieve Hansen, the off-duty fire fighter outside Cup Foods who testified earlier that she had begged to intervene.Norton explained that he had seen Hansen at the store and registered that she was 'agitated to distraught', but had been looking for a patient and had not spoken with her.'I had no understanding of the cause of her distress,' Norton said. 'Once I got in the ambulance and saw the severity of Mr Floyd's condition I was able to put together what she had been talking about and I understood the justification of her duress and sent my firefighters back to check on her and make sure she was okay.'  more videos 1 2 3 Watch video Parents pay tribute to two-week-old baby killed after pram hit by car Watch video Two-week-old baby dies after pram hit by car in Brownhills Watch video Mother and child escape a horror boat explosion on Easter Sunday Watch video Boris Johnson 'hopeful' of allowing international travel after 17 May Watch video Customers applaud after woman is removed for 'refusing to wear mask' Watch video Mandalorian starship crashes after being blown over by strong winds Watch video Health minister Edward Argar defends accuracy of lateral flow tests Watch video Boat engulfed in flames in the Hawkesbury River Marina, Brooklyn Watch video Chimney falls off roof and onto car in the Scottish Borders Watch video Boris Johnson confirms April 12th lockdown easing will go ahead Watch video Donald and Melania Trump attend Easter Service at Florida church Watch video Police investigate scene after fatal car crash in Brownhills DM.later('bundle', function(){ DM.molFeCarousel.init('#p-64', 'channelCarousel', { "activeClass" : "wocc", "pageCount" : "3.0", "pageSize" : 1, "onPos": 0, "updateStyleOnHover": true }); }); Minneapolis Police Department Sergeant David PleogerDavid Pleoger, who recently retired as a sergeant with the Minneapolis Police Department and was Chauvin's supervisor on May 25, 2020, testified on Thursday afternoon. The jury heard new audio of Chauvin speaking with Pleoger moments after Floyd's death, saying: 'I was just going to call you come out to our scene we had to hold a guy down he was going crazy, wouldn't go in the back of the squad.'Pleoger said that Chauvin did not tell him that he had applied his knee to Floyd's neck or that he had held him down for any length of time. 'I believe he told me he'd become combative he mentioned he'd injured either his nose of his mouth and eventually having struggled with him,' Pleoger recalled.'He said he'd suffered a medical emergency and an ambulance was called.'  As supervising shift sergeant, Pleoger was tasked with investigating any use of force incidents that occurred during his shift – 3pm to 1am.He arrived on the scene after being called by 911 dispatcher Jena Scurry on May 25, 2020 on seeing the incident with Floyd unfold outside Cup Foods called because she had a 'gut feeling' that what she was seeing 'wasn't right'.Pleoger recalled: 'She called to say she didn't want to be a snitch but she had seen something while viewing a camera that she thought was concerning.'Pleoger had not received a call from Chauvin at that time and initially told Scurry that what she saw 'might not count'.According to Minneapolis Police Department policy officers are required to report use of force incidents under certain circumstances but not if it is a 'take down', which Pleoger – who had not been called by any of the officers on the scene - initially assumed was the case.The jury was shown footage from Pleoger's body camera in which officers Chauvin, Tou Thao, J Alexander Keung and Thomas Lane could be standing near the site of where they took down Floyd. Pleoger instructed Chauvin to identify and speak with witnesses, to which the officer replied: 'We can try but they're pretty hostile.'Additional video showed Pleoger arriving at the hospital where Floyd was pronounced dead, in which Chauvin appeared to be wringing his hands.    Earlier in his testimony Schleicher had questioned Pleoger about Minneapolis Police Department policy regarding use of force and asked if he was aware of positional asphyxia.He said he had been for 'a lot of years'. Asked to explain what it was, Pleoger said: 'If you leave someone on their chest for too long their breathing can become compromised so you want to get them off their chest.'This was a risk, Schleicher established, whether somebody was applying pressure to a person or not.Schleicher also took Pleoger through sections of the police policy document including instructions regarding use of the 'hobble' or Maximum Restraint Technique – a device that cuffs a suspects hands and feet together and for which Chauvin called for but did not use on Floyd.According to police policy if the hobble is used, 'the person shall be placed in the side recovery position', and not be kept face down, in the prone position.Officers are also required 'as soon as reasonably practical [to] determine if anyone was injured and render medical aid consistent with training and request Emergency Medical Services (EMS) if necessary'.Pleoger's testimony was interrupted as Chauvin's attorney Eric Nelson objected when Schleicher sought to draw Pleoger's opinion on whether Chauvin's use of force had been excessive.Judge Cahill asked the jury to leave the room while Nelson and Schleicher sought to argue his ability to give that opinion.Questioned by Nelson, Pleoger told the court that he did not investigate the incident in depth and conduct a force review once it became 'critical' with Floyd’s death. He did not interview the officers in depth or speak with any of the witnesses.In the end Cahill allowed Schleicher to ask just one question of Pleoger: Did he have an opinion as to when the use of force in this incident should have ended? Pleoger responded: 'Yes [it should have ended] when Mr Floyd was no longer offering up any resistance.'   more videos 1 2 3 Watch video Parents pay tribute to two-week-old baby killed after pram hit by car Watch video Two-week-old baby dies after pram hit by car in Brownhills Watch video Mother and child escape a horror boat explosion on Easter Sunday Watch video Boris Johnson 'hopeful' of allowing international travel after 17 May Watch video Customers applaud after woman is removed for 'refusing to wear mask' Watch video Mandalorian starship crashes after being blown over by strong winds Watch video Health minister Edward Argar defends accuracy of lateral flow tests Watch video Boat engulfed in flames in the Hawkesbury River Marina, Brooklyn Watch video Chimney falls off roof and onto car in the Scottish Borders Watch video Boris Johnson confirms April 12th lockdown easing will go ahead Watch video Donald and Melania Trump attend Easter Service at Florida church Watch video Police investigate scene after fatal car crash in Brownhills DM.later('bundle', function(){ DM.molFeCarousel.init('#p-65', 'channelCarousel', { "activeClass" : "wocc", "pageCount" : "3.0", "pageSize" : 1, "onPos": 0, "updateStyleOnHover": true }); }); Minneapolis Police Department Sergeant Jon EdwardsSgt. Jon Edwards, who was called to secure the scene in the aftermath, testified that two of the officers involved were still at the site when he arrived and that he was ordered to remove the crime scene tape just hours after his death was confirmed. Edwards, who was the supervising officer who took control of the scene outside the convenience store where Chauvin knelt on Floyd's neck, told jurors that he was asked to go to the scene as the black man lay dead, or dying, in Hennepin County Medical Center.He testified that he was asked to secure the scene by Sergeant David Pleoger, who had been the previous shift supervisor and had gone to the hospital with Chauvin. Edwards said he encountered Thomas Lane and J Alexander Keung, who have both been charged in Floyd's death, at the scene when he arrived and he instructed them to turn on their body cameras.  As images of the now eerily empty streets outside Cup Foods were screened in court, Edwards told the jury he instructed Lane and Keung to 'chill out' while others canvased the area, searching for and speaking to witnesses. Edwards said: 'I asked them to chill out because I knew from Sergeant Pleoger that he had a couple of escort sergeants coming down to transport them to interview room 100.' Jurors were shown images from Edwards' bodyworn camera footage that showed Lane and Keung sitting in their squad car into which officers had tried to wrangle Floyd some two hours earlier. Edwards told jurors that at approximately 10.13pm news came through that Floyd had died and the situation was confirmed as a critical incident. By then homicide was on the scene and Lane and Keung were transported to City Hall to be interviewed.The BCA took over the scene, securing Floyd's vehicle and Lane and Keung's squad car which, amid all the earlier commotion, was still running.The court was shown pictures of BCA towing away the squad car – in which white powder and a half-chewed 'speed-ball' pill a mixture of methamphetamine and fentanyl bearing Floyd's DNA and saliva were found.Edwards testified that he was then ordered to remove the crime scene tape he had earlier put up at about 3.30am.  more videos 1 2 3 Watch video Parents pay tribute to two-week-old baby killed after pram hit by car Watch video Two-week-old baby dies after pram hit by car in Brownhills Watch video Mother and child escape a horror boat explosion on Easter Sunday Watch video Boris Johnson 'hopeful' of allowing international travel after 17 May Watch video Customers applaud after woman is removed for 'refusing to wear mask' Watch video Mandalorian starship crashes after being blown over by strong winds Watch video Health minister Edward Argar defends accuracy of lateral flow tests Watch video Boat engulfed in flames in the Hawkesbury River Marina, Brooklyn Watch video Chimney falls off roof and onto car in the Scottish Borders Watch video Boris Johnson confirms April 12th lockdown easing will go ahead Watch video Donald and Melania Trump attend Easter Service at Florida church Watch video Police investigate scene after fatal car crash in Brownhills DM.later('bundle', function(){ DM.molFeCarousel.init('#p-66', 'channelCarousel', { "activeClass" : "wocc", "pageCount" : "3.0", "pageSize" : 1, "onPos": 0, "updateStyleOnHover": true }); }); Minneapolis Police Department Lieutenant Richard Zimmerman Richard Zimmerman, the head of the Minneapolis Police Department's homicide division, told jurors that Derek Chauvin's use of force in arresting George Floyd was 'totally unnecessary' because a handcuffed person doesn't pose a threat and kneeling on someone's neck can 'kill them'.Zimmerman, who responded to the crime scene after Floyd's deadly arrest, testified that he had watched multiple videos showing the moment the officer knelt on the black man's neck after handcuffing him. Having watched the videos, Zimmerman was clear: 'Pulling him down to the ground face down and putting your knee on his neck for that amount of time is just uncalled for.' He added that once Floyd was handcuffed, he saw 'no reason why the officers felt they were in danger and that's what they would have to feel to use that level of force.' Zimmerman told jurors that kneeling on the neck of someone who is handcuffed and in the prone position is 'top-tier, deadly' force and should not be used. 'If your knee is on a person's neck, that can kill him,' he said. Asked by prosecutors whether a handcuffed person was a reduced threat, Zimmerman said: 'Once a person is cuffed, the threat level goes down all the way. They are cuffed, how can they really hurt you. 'You getting injured is way down. You could have some guy try to kick you or something, but you can move out of the way. That person is handcuffed, you know, so the threat level is just not there.' Zimmerman, who is trained every year in the use of force, told jurors he had never been trained to 'kneel on the neck of somebody who's cuffed and in the prone position'.  'Once you secure or handcuff a person you need to get them out of the prone position as soon as possible because it restricts their breathing,' he said, adding that having your hands cuffed behind your back 'stretches the muscles back through your chest and makes it more difficult to breathe'. Zimmerman, who joined the Minneapolis Police Department in 1985 and is now its most senior officer, said he arrived at the scene of Floyd's arrest just before 10pm - about 30 minutes after Floyd had been declared dead at a downtown hospital.He said he helped ensure that evidence was properly secured and any witnesses were found. Dr. Bradford Langenfeld Dr. Bradford Langenfeld, the medic at the Hennepin County Medical Center who pronounced Floyd dead, told jurors that he believed the cause of death last May 25 was asphyxia.Dr Langenfeld told the court, ‘Any amount of time that a patient spends in cardiac arrest without CPR markedly decreases the chances of survival’ before explaining that those chances dropped by 10 to 15 percent with each passing minute.There was nothing in the paramedics’ reports, he said, to suggest that they were concerned that Floyd had either suffered a heart attack or drug overdose.  Dr Langenfeld also told how paramedics had fought to revive Floyd for 30 minutes by the time he arrived in his ward but that despite their efforts he was in cardiac arrest and save for occasional Pulseless Electrical Activity (PEA) – activity in the heart not strong enough to establish a pulse – he flat-lined.The medic could not recall whether or not Floyd was still cuffed on arrival but he did remember seeing indentations from the handcuffs on his wrists.  As his direct testimony came to an end Dr Langenfeld told the court that he had considered a host of possible causes for Floyd’s cardiac arrest and concluded that hypoxia – oxygen deficiency or asphyxia– was most likely, he said ‘based on the information that I had.’Dr Langenfeld announced Floyd dead after 30 minutes in the hospital, by which time he had been without a pulse for close to an hour.Speaking softly and soberly he recalled, ‘In the absence of any apparent reversable cause, [I felt that] the likelihood of any meaningful outcome was far below 1 percent and we would not be able to resuscitate Mr Floyd, so I then pronounced him dead.’      more videos 1 2 3 Watch video Parents pay tribute to two-week-old baby killed after pram hit by car Watch video Two-week-old baby dies after pram hit by car in Brownhills Watch video Mother and child escape a horror boat explosion on Easter Sunday Watch video Boris Johnson 'hopeful' of allowing international travel after 17 May Watch video Customers applaud after woman is removed for 'refusing to wear mask' Watch video Mandalorian starship crashes after being blown over by strong winds Watch video Health minister Edward Argar defends accuracy of lateral flow tests Watch video Boat engulfed in flames in the Hawkesbury River Marina, Brooklyn Watch video Chimney falls off roof and onto car in the Scottish Borders Watch video Boris Johnson confirms April 12th lockdown easing will go ahead Watch video Donald and Melania Trump attend Easter Service at Florida church Watch video Police investigate scene after fatal car crash in Brownhills DM.later('bundle', function(){ DM.molFeCarousel.init('#p-67', 'channelCarousel', { "activeClass" : "wocc", "pageCount" : "3.0", "pageSize" : 1, "onPos": 0, "updateStyleOnHover": true }); }); adverts.addToArray({"pos":"mpu_factbox"})Advertisement

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